While an aerial view of Luzern (or Lucerne in English and French) seems to suggest a sprawling urbanization to the foothills of Mount Rigi and Mount Pilatus, the major historical attractions of Luzern are concentrated in the town center. In fact, it is possible to visit the town’s many attractions within a half-day visit on foot.
The town’s most prominent landmark without a doubt goes to the Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge), which is a short walk away from the train station. The wooden bridge itself seems lacking of any historical significance, but when added the 18th century Peterskapelle (St Peter’s Chapel) and the 13th century Wasserturm (Water Tower) into the picture, the location becomes one of the most photographed spots in Switzerland.
These three major attractions are located right on either banks of the Reuss River. The rejuvenated Peterskapelle was actually built over the original building which dated back to 1178. A modern-time inferno in 1993 had severely damaged the Kapellbrücke, but things have been tastefully restored. The bridge was originally built in 1333 to cross diagonally at the narrowest point between Reuss River and Lake Luzern as a part of the medieval town’s fortification.
A short walk from Peterskapelle on Rathausquai to Furrengasse will bring you to the famous Picasso Museum, a definite must-visit for art lovers.